[NRAO logo]
NRAO logo  


[NRAO dedication, 1957]
NRAO dedication, 1957. NRAO/AUI image


[Dedication of the 85 foot Tatel telescope]
85 foot Tatel Telescope dedication, 1958. NRAO/AUI image


[85 foot Tatel telescope]
85 foot Tatel Telescope. NRAO/AUI image


[Struve at groundbreaking for 300 foot telescope]
Struve at 300 foot ground breaking, 1961. NRAO/AUI image


[300 foot telescope]
300 foot telescope. NRAO/AUI image


[140 Foot telescope ground breaking]
140 foot telescope ground breaking, 1958. NRAO/AUI image


[NRAO 140 Foot telescope]
NRAO 140 Foot telescope. NRAO/AUI image


[Green Bank Interferometer]
Green Bank Interferometer. NRAO/AUI image


[VLA dedication]
VLA dedication, 1980. NRAO/AUI image


[VLA]
VLA. NRAO/AUI image


[AIPS logo]
AIPS logo. NRAO/AUI image


[VLBA Pie Town antenna]
VLBA Pie Town antenna. NRAO/AUI image


[300 foot telescope after 1988 collapse]
300 foot after collapse, 1988. NRAO/AUI image


[GBT ground breaking]
GBT ground breaking, 1991. NRAO/AUI image


[Green Bank Telescope]
Green Bank Telescope. NRAO/AUI image


[Christening block at ALMA Camp ground breaking]
Alma Camp ground breaking. NRAO/AUI image


[ALMA]
ALMA. NRAO/AUI image


[4 NRAO Directors]
Lo, Vanden Bout, Roberts, Heeschen - 4 NRAO Directors at 50th anniversary. NRAO/AUI image


NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY ARCHIVES

Finding Aid to the Records of The National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 1951-

Note to researchers: Processing of records of The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is ongoing, as we continually add further material. This Finding Aid provides an outline of the records that will eventually be included in the collection, with more detailed scope and content notes provided for those materials already processed. Interested researchers should contact the Archives about access to both unprocessed and processed material. The NRAO Archives acknowledges with thanks a grant from the Friends of the Center for the History of Physics, American Institute of Physics, which funded processing work during 2007 on Director's Office records for 1951-1978.

Related materials: Many oral interviews in the Papers of Woodruff T. Sullivan III and most oral interviews in the Papers of Kenneth I. Kellermann include discussion of NRAO history and development.

Contents:

Location of collection: National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Archives, 520 Edgemont Rd., Charlottesville, VA. Phone: 1-434-296-0203, email: archivist at nrao.edu

Title and dates of the collection: Records of The National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 1951-.

Size of the collection: Processing is ongoing; size of the collection on 1 May 2012 was approximately 173 linear feet of processed material. Unprocessed material currently held in the Archives includes papers as well as a large quantity of multi-media (photos, slides, negatives, moving pictures, audio, etc), with additional material held elsewhere at NRAO to be added in the future.

Short description of collection: The records of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) document NRAO’s founding, historical development, institutional history, instrument conceptualization and construction, expansion into a multi-site organization, ongoing activities, including its participation in multi-institutional collaborations, and all aspects of the NRAO's scientific, technical, professional, and social life.

Materials in this collection include correspondence, reports, committee notes and minutes, planning documents, drawings, photographs, audio and video recordings, observing proposals, telescope logs, publications and newsletters, long-range and program plans, budget and financial information, quarterly reports, and a wide variety of other materials. The collection also includes Director's Office files for Directors Otto Struve (1959-1961), David S. Heeschen (1962-1978), Morton S. Roberts (1978-1984), Paul A. Vanden Bout (1984-2002). Current Director's Office files for Fred K.Y. Lo (2002-2012) and Anthony J Beasley (2012- ) are held in that office.

The Archives do not include observational data from NRAO telescopes, astronomical images included in the NRAO Image Gallery, or equipment and instruments. Numbered NRAO internal report series, Green Bank workshop proceedings, NRAO reprint series, etc. are part of the NRAO Library collection. Top

Selected search terms:

  • National Radio Astronomy Observatory (U.S.)
  • National Science Foundation
  • Associated Universities, Inc.
  • Radio telescopes
  • National Radio Quiet Zone
  • Very Large Array
  • Very Long Baseline Array
  • Green Bank Telescope
  • Atacama Large Millimeter Array
  • Square Kilometer Array
  • Frequency Agile Solar Radiotelescope

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Administrative History: The NRAO was officially founded on 17 November 1956, when Alan T. Waterman, National Science Foundation (NSF), and Lloyd V. Berkner, Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI), signed the contract for AUI to build and operate a national facility for radio astronomy in Green Bank, WV. AUI continues to operate the NRAO for NSF.

The NRAO's first site and first telescopes were in Green Bank WV, but by 2000 there were offices and additional telescopes in Green Bank WV, Charlottesville VA, Tucson AZ, and Socorro NM. The Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA), with 8 antennas in the continental U.S. and one each in Hawaii and the U.S. Virgin Islands, is operated from Socorro. The NRAO, in cooperation with the European Southern Observatory, the National Research Council of Canada, National Institutes of Natural Sciences of Japan, and the Republic of Chile, is currently constructing a millimeter wavelength telescope, the Atacama Large Millimeter Array, in northern Chile.

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Accession history: The NRAO Archives were begun in May 2003. Prior to that date, institutional records were kept in various offices at different NRAO sites. Initial unprocessed materials transferred to the Archives were the approximately 200 linear feet of inactive files from the Director's Office, including correspondence, subject files, reports, and observing proposals. In spring 2005, approximately 1300 pounds of files, including observing proposals and telescope logs, were shipped to the Archives from Tucson when NRAO closed its office there and turned over the 12 meter telescope to Steward Observatory. An additional 26 linear feet of unprocessed material was transferred from active Director's Office files to the Archives in mid-2007, and 18 linear feet of unprocessed material was transferred from the inactive New Mexico site director's files in 2011; all these materials have been processed and added to the collection. In September 2013 60 linear feet of unprocessed materials were transferred to the Archives from storage in Green Bank, including Hein Hvatum's VLA and VLBA project files and old Electronics Division records; these files remain unprocessed.

Digitization of 600 negatives of the earliest photographs from Green Bank was done in summer 2006 as an Eagle Scout Project. Large photograph collections, primarily 4"x5" black and white negatives and 35mm color slides, originally held in Green Bank and Socorro, were transferred to the Archives in mid-2008. All negatives of figures included in papers published in the open literature, prepared by hand before image-generating software was available, were discarded from the file of 26,000 negatives from Green Bank, thus reducing the number of negatives by more than half. Historic negatives and slides of NRAO sites, equipment, instruments and their construction, people, and activities were retained, and will be digitized, indexed, and added to the collection either as particular photographs are requested or over time as staffing allows.

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Access to collection: No restrictions except to observing proposals as noted below. Portions of this collection are still unprocessed, but materials are generally in organized files to which Archives staff has access. Inventory and processing of the collection is in progress. The Archives are open part-time; contact the Archivist for further information or an appointment.

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Restrictions on use of collection: Observing proposals may be viewed only with specific permission from the Director's office, and may not be reproduced. No other restrictions.

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Publication rights: Copyright belongs to The National Radio Astronomy Observatory. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Archivist.

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Preferred citation: [Identification of item, box, and file], Records of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory. Archives, National Radio Astronomy Observatory / Associated Universities, Inc. / National Science Foundation. After the initial citation, abbreviations may be used: Records of NRAO, NRAO Archives, NRAO/AUI/NSF.

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Processing notes: Processing was begun in spring 2005, and will be an ongoing, multi-year task. A grant from the American Institute of Physics, Center for the History of Physics, funded processing work during 2007 on the Director's Office files from the period 1951-1978. Staples, paper clips, and other fasteners were removed during processing. Preservations photocopies were made of thermofaxs and of most newspaper clippings, and originals discarded. Preservation photocopies were also made of approximately 1.5 linear feet of early 300 foot telescope documents which had suffered water damage while in storage and before being transferred to the Archives; some of these documents are only partially legible. When organizing, refoldering, and indexing the extensive files from the Director's Office, most folder titles were retained. Processing work was done by Ellen Bouton and Evelyn Braintwain.

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Scope and Contents of Collection

NRAO Founding and Organization Series: This series includes correspondence, notes, papers, and planning documents related to the conceptualization, founding, and early organization of NRAO during the period 1951-1963. The series has been divided into four units. Related materials: see also materials on NRAO's early history in the Papers of David S. Heeschen.

  • Correspondence Unit: This unit includes correspondence between members of the National Science Foundation Advisory Panel on Radio Astronomy and the Associated Universities, Inc. Advisory Committee on Radio Astronomy, both convened in 1954. Also included is general correspondence to/from AUI and NSF about NRAO. Chief correspondents include Lloyd V. Berkener, Bart Bok, Charles F. Dunbar, Richard M. Emberson, Fred T. Haddock, John Hagen, David S. Heeschen, Otto Struve, and Merle Tuve. Correspondence covers the period December 1955 to February 1961. Size: 0.5 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

  • Planning Documents Unit: This unit includes documents on conceptualization and early plans for NRAO for the period 1951 to 1963. Also included is material on plans for the formal groundbreaking and dedication of NRAO on October 17, 1957. Related materials: See also 1962 letters by Joseph L. Pawsey outlining his vision for NRAO, filed with background materials in the Very Large Array Unit; material on organizational policy and management structure in the Director's Office Series, Organizational Charts and Memos Unit. Size: 0.5 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

  • Meeting Minutes Unit: This unit includes meeting agendas, notes, and minutes of various formal and informal AUI and NSF committees convened to consider and direct the formation and early operation of NRAO. Meetings included extensive discussions on the early design decisions for the 140 foot telescope, its construction delays, and contract negotiations with E.W. Bliss. Included also are notes on NRAO staff meetings, 1957-1960. Material covers the period 1955 to 1960. Size: 1.0 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

  • Antenna Planning Unit: This unit includes correspondence, reports, memos, meeting minutes and other documents related to early discussions on planning and designing of antennas for NRAO, including antennas of various sizes and configurations. Initial discussions referred to a Very Large Antenna, and some formed a foundation for later Very Large Array discussions and conceptualization. Included here is Joseph L. Pawsey correspondence, including a June 27, 1962, letter outlining Pawsey's vision for NRAO and its instruments. Also included is a 1959 letter to Struve from Pawsey proposing collaboration in design and construction of Mills Cross-type antennas. Material is dated 1954-1965. Related materials: See also materials in other units of this series, as well as early materials in the Very Large Array series below. Size: 0.5 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

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National Science Foundation (NSF) Series:

  • AUI Contracts and Cooperative Agreements Unit: This unit includes materials beginning in 1956 related to contracts and cooperative agreements between NSF and AUI for the management and operation of NRAO. A copy of the current agreement is housed in the office of NRAO's Associate Director of Administration. Size: 1.0 linear feet.

  • Advisory Committees Unit: The groups appointed by NSF to advise on astronomy have had variant and sometimes overlapping names: Advisory Committee for Radio Telescopes (approximately 1959-1965), Astronomy Advisory Panel (approximately 1970-1977), Astronomy Advisory Committee (approximately 1977-1983, and Advisory Committee for Astronomical Sciences [ACAST] (1984- ). Specially appointed subcommittees have included the Subcommittee on Radio Astronomy, and the Subcommittee on Millimeter- and Submillimeter-Wavelength Astronomy. This unit includes reports, memos, correspondence, meeting minutes, and publications dated 1959-1993 related to all these groups, arranged in chronological order. Size: 2.0 linear feet. Click here for a listing of folders, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related material: see the NRAO Founding and Organization Series above for NSF Advisory Panel on Radio Astronomy correspondence, notes, papers, and planning documents related to the conceptualization, founding, and early organization of NRAO during the period 1951-1960. and also Radio Astronomy History Series in the Papers of David S. Heeschen..

  • Management Reviews Unit: NSF conducts periodic reviews of AUI's management of NRAO. This unit currently includes materials for the spring 1987, January 2002 and October 2006 management reviews. Size: 0.25 linear feet, including 1 CD.

  • Astronomy Plans Unit: This unit includes Numbered Astronomy Program Plans (early versions called Numbered Long Range Plans) 9, 11-22, 24-27, dated 1/3/1979 through 12/30/1981, and Dated Astronomy Initiatives Plans (early versions called Dated Long Range Plans) for 12/20/1978, 5/24/1979, 5/1/1981, and 9/9/1981. According to William E. Howard III, who prepared the plans, the Initiatives Plans included things the astronomy community wanted to do, generally items from the Decadal Review and Centers initiatives, that had not yet been included in the NSF budget. The Program Plans showed the available budget for the division divided out among the two sections, Grants and Centers, that existed at that time. Size: 0.25 linear feet.

  • Portfolio Review Committee Unit: The Portfolio Review Committee was charged by the National Science Foundation, Astronomical Sciences Division, with determining the critical capabilities needed to make progress on the science program described by the Astro2010 Decadal Survey report, and suggest what combination of new facilities and programs woould best deliver those capabilities within strict budgetary constraints. The Committee's report was issued on 14 August 2012. This unit includes a copy of the report and of materials related to NRAO's response to the report dated 2012 and forward. Size: 0.25 linear feet.

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Associated Universities, Inc. Series: General materials include Associated Universities, Inc., 1946-1971: Twenty-Five years of Research Management, and Associated Universities, Inc. Organization and Objectives, December 31, 1963, with annual supplements for 1964-1969. Size: 0.25 linear feet.

  • Visiting Committee Unit: The NRAO Visiting Committee is appointed by the AUI Board of Trustees to review the management and research programs of the Observatory. The Visiting Committee meetings are held at alternating NRAO sites. This unit contains correspondence, meeting minutes, and reports beginning with 1957. The Visiting Committee's formal report and the NRAO response are filed separately for 1957-1991, and thereafter are filed with the materials for each specific meeting. Files for the most recent years are kept in the Director's Office rather than the Archives. Current size: 5.0 linear feet.

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Director's Office Series: This series is divided into units which include general correspondence, notes, and papers of NRAO Directors, as well as materials related to NRAO committees, councils, divisions, and other activities under immediate oversight of the Director's Office, including spectrum management and telescope time allocation. Also included here are reports generated by the Director's Office, as well as materials related to the activities of Directors and deputies in non-NRAO professional organizations and committees.

  • Advisory Committees Unit:

    • Users Committee Subunit: The Users Committee, appointed by the NRAO Director, is made up of users and potential users of NRAO facilities from throughout the scientific community. It advises the Director and the Observatory staff on all aspects of Observatory activities that affect the users of the telescopes. This subunit contains correspondence, meeting minutes, memos, notes, agendas, reports, and other materials for meetings beginning with 1965. A folder containing listings of Users Committee members is filed at the beginning of the subunit. Files for the most recent years are kept in the Director's Office rather than the Archives. Current size: 4.0 linear feet.

    • Program Advisory Committee Subunit:

  • Observatory Internal Committees and Councils Unit: This unit includes notes, correspondence, agendas, meeting minutes, and reports of internal groups, committees, and councils, including AD meeting notes and minutes (1965, 1974-1996), Director's and Full Staff meetings (1961-1965), Division Head meetings (October 1965-January 1966), Scientific Staff meeting notes and minutes (1971-1983, 1988-1994), Future Instrumentation Group (1980-1981), and Observatory Councils (1965, 1974-1975, 1977, 1984-1988). Also included are reports from the 1988 Ad Hoc Long Range Planning Committee, the 1999 Long-Range Planning Retreat in Green Bank, and 2001 internal reviews. Size: 1.25 linear feet.

  • Organizational Charts and Memos Unit: This unit covers 1958 to the present and includes management proposals and memos about organizational and staff changes, as well as organizational charts. Size: 0.5 linear feet.

  • Director's Office Correspondence Unit: This unit includes correspondence originating with or directed to the Director's Office.

    • National Science Foundation Correspondence Subunit: This subunit includes correspondence between the NRAO and the NSF from 1959-1995. Principle correspondents are Laura P. Bautz, Erich Bloch, Robert L. Brown, James L. Desmond, Robert L. Dickman, Robert J. Havlen, David S. Heeschen, David E. Hogg, William E. Howard, Robert E. Hughes, Daniel Hunt, Claud Kellett, John P. Lagoyda, John H. Lancaster, Julie H. Lutz, J. Marymor, Walter E. Massey, Ludwig Oster, William H. Porter, R. Marcus Price, Leonard A. Redecke, Kurt W. Riegel, T.R Riffe, Morton S. Roberts, and Paul Vanden Bout. Also included are contracts, photos, and a file of letters and comments from tourists who visited NRAO sites in 1993-1994, sent by NRAO as a packet to the NSF in March 1994. Correspondence for each year is in reverse chronological order as originally filed. Size: 6.0 linear feet.

    • Associated Universities, Inc. Correspondence Subunit: This subunit includes correspondence between the NRAO and AUI dated 1986-1989. Principal corresponsdents are David E. Hogg, William E. Howard III, Jerome Hudis, Robert E. Hughes, Monroe E. Petty, Theodore R. Riffe, Morton S. Roberts, and Gerald F. Tape. Size: 1 folder.

    • Topical Correspondence Subunit: This subunit includes Director's Office correspondence from 1959 through 2006 with organizations and individuals on a wide variety of subjects. Included with the correspondence are memos, notes, reports, meeting minutes, newspaper clippings, drawings, blueprints, and photos. Most original folder titles have been retained, and material is filed alphabetically by topic. Size: 4.5 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

    • Heeschen General Correspondence Subunit: This subunit includes David S. Heeschen's Director's Office general and miscellaneous correspondence not included in other Director's Office Correspondence subunits. Correspondence is from 1959-1978 and is filed chronologically. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

    • 2002 Interim Director Correspondence Subunit: On 1 June 2002 Paul A. Vanden Bout stepped down after 17 years as NRAO Director. W. Miller Goss served as Interim NRAO Director from 1 June 2002 until 1 September 2002, when Fred K.Y. Lo began his term as NRAO Director. This subunit includes correspondence, memos, and other materials retained by Goss related to his work as interim Director and to various ongoing matters during the transition period. Goss's arrangement of material by general topic has been retained. Size: 0.5 linear feet.
  • Director's Office Reports Unit: This unit includes regular reports prepared by the Director's Office for the National Science Foundation, Associated Universities, Inc., National Academy of Sciences, etc. Specific topical reports are included in other appropriate series or units.

    • Program Plan Subunit: The NRAO Program Plan is prepared for the NSF each year and summarizes the planned programs for the upcoming year, including sections on scientific programs, research instruments, equipment, operations and maintenance, construction, staff, finances, and other topics. Holdings begin with the program plan for 1974 and publication is ongoing. Current size: 2.5 linear feet.

    • Long-Range Plan Subunit: Long-Range Plans are prepared for the NSF each year to outline projected plans and needs for the upcoming 5-year period. The Archives holds Long-Range Plans for the period beginning with 1974, and publication is ongoing. Current size: 1.0 linear feet.

    • Observatory Annual Statistical Summary Subunit: Annual Statistical Summaries are prepared by NRAO for NSF. The first summary was for 1968, and publication is ongoing. The summaries include information on telescope usage; numbers of employees, visiting observers, and students; and the annual bibliography of staff and visitor publications. Current size: 1.5 linear feet.

    • Monthly Summary of NRAO Activities Subunit: At the request of AUI President Lloyd V. Berkner in June 1958, the NRAO began issuing a Monthly Summary of NRAO Activities, with the first summary covering July and August 1958 Monthly Summaries were issued for months through December 1961 and included updates on construction of buildings and instruments in Green Bank, operation of the facility, programs, personnel changes, fiscal matters, and other topics. Size: 0.5 linear feet.

    • Quarterly Reports Subunit: Quarterly Reports replaced the previously issued Monthly Summaries, beginning with the first quarter of 1963, and are ongoing to the present. Reports are intended for AUI, the National Science Foundation, and other interested parties. As the NRAO has expanded to multiple sites and projects, they continue to summarize all aspects of NRAO's activities, and include brief summaries of observing programs conducted using NRAO instruments. Current size: 3.5 linear feet.

    • Progress Reports Subunit: Progress Reports, written at the end of the fiscal year, describe the major accomplishments of the NRAO during that fiscal year, with specific reference to the plans described in the Program Plan submitted to the National Science Foundation at the outset of the fiscal year. The first Progress Report reported on fiscal year 2006. Current size: 0.5 linear feet.

    • Observatory Reports to the AAS Subunit: Reports of Observatory activity were written for the American Astronomical Society and published in Astronomical Journal (1961-1967) and then in Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society (1969-2003). This subunit includes copies of reports covering the period 1960-2003. NRAO produced no more reports after 2003.

    • Reports and Presentations to NSF Subunit: This subunit includes material retained from reports and presentations by the Director or staff to the National Science Foundation from 1958-2002. Included are annual reports, annual reviews, reports on ADP, testimonies, backup to testimonies, view graphs, transparencies, budget information, ACAST meetings, and other topics. In some cases, only selected materials and/or transparencies from a presentation were retained by the Director’s Office. Size: 2.5 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

    • Decadal Reviews Subunit: This subunit includes material dated 1967 and 1989 related to the decadal reviews of astronomy and astrophysics conducted by committees appointed by the National Research Council. Included are materials on the Whitford Committee Report (1967) and NRAO background materials for the 1990s review. Size: 0.25 linear feet.

    • Management Reviews Subunit:

    • Miscellaneous Presentations Subunit: This subunit includes material retained from reports and presentations by the Director, the AUI President, or others from 1985 through 1993. Included are reports, correspondence, notes, testimonies to Congressional Committees, view graphs, view graph copies, and transcripts. In some cases, only selected materials and/or transparencies from a presentation were retained by the Director’s Office. Size: 0.5 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

  • Conferences, Symposia, and Lectures Unit: This unit includes notes, papers, and correspondence about conferences, symposia, colloquia, and lectures sponsored by the NRAO.

    • Jansky Lecture Subunit: The annual Karl G. Jansky Lectureship was established at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory by the Trustees of Associated Universities, Inc. The Lectureship is named in honor of Karl G. Jansky, who first detected radio waves from the Galaxy in 1931 while investigating atmospheric interference in radio reception at meter wavelengths. An initial folder includes correspondence related to the establishment of the Lectureship. Folders for annual lectures contain correspondence and other materials related to that year’s lecture. Some folders may also include biographical information on the lecturer, photographs, publicity materials, or later obituaries. The 1966 Lecture folder includes a photocopy of Bolton’s handwritten lecture text, and the 2000 Lectureship folder includes an illustrated reprint of Radhakrishnan’s address. Also included are posters advertising 1966-2002 and 2007 lectures. Later years include programs from the internal Jansky symposia often held in conjunction with the lecture. Videos/DVDs of some lectures are included. The 2006 Lectureship was awarded to Frank J. Low, but the lecture was never given. Files for the most current several Lectures are held in the Office of Science and Academic Affairs. Current size: 2.0 linear feet, plus posters filed in flat file case. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

    • Conferences, Symposia, and Colloquia Subunit: This unit includes planning documents, correspondence, and other materials related to conferences, symposia, and colloquia hosted or sponsored by National Radio Astronomy Observatory beginning with the first conference sponsored by NRAO, the USA-USSR Radio Astronomy Symposium, held in Green Bank in May 1961. Attendee lists are included for some meetings, and some folders contain information on accommodation arrangements, food and banquets, and/or transportation arrangements. The unit also includes audio tapes and audio DVDs of the 300ft telescope 25th anniversary symposium in 1987 and the 140ft telescope 30th anniversary symposium in 1995, and both audio and photograph DVDs for Frontiers of Astrophysics, the symposium celebrating NRAO's 50th anniversary held in June 2007. Audio CDs/DVDs for later conferences, symposia, and colloquia are also included. Some files for meetings planned and held at Green Bank, Tucson, or Socorro after the move of the Director’s Office from Green Bank to Charlottesville in late 1965 are currently held at those sites. For correspondence, notes, audio tapes, and audio DVD of the 1983 conference on Serendipitous Discoveries in Radio Astronomy, see the Papers of Kenneth I. Kellermann. For the VLBA Lectures see the VLBA Unit below. Current size: 3.0 linear feet, including DVDs and boxed audio tapes. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

  • Spectrum Management Unit: This unit includes correspondence, memos, reports, notes, charts, newspaper clippings, and journal cuts from 1956 through 2005 regarding spectrum management, including radio frequency interference, protection of telescope sites, and the National Radio Quiet Zone. Primary correspondents for materials in the unit are William Brundage, John W. Findlay, Thomas E. Gergely, David S. Heeschen, Hein Hvatum, Clint Janes, Felix J. Lockman, Mark M. McKinnon, Newton N. Minow, William A. Porter, James B. Potts, Christopher J. Reynolds, George Seielstad, A.R. Thompson, and Paul Vanden Bout. Many original folder titles have been retained; folder contents are in chronological order. Size: 2.0 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related materials: See also the materials on radio frequency allocation in the Papers of John W. Findlay and the materials on NRAO Frequency Coordinators meetings in the Papers of A. Richard Thompson. A substantial number of files were received in February 2013 from Christopher J. Reynolds, legal representative for NRAO on spectrum and RFI matters; these files are unprocessed (contact the archivist for information).

  • Scientific and Academic Affairs Unit:

    • Scientific Staff - General Subunit:

    • Scientific Staff - Policies Subunit:

    • Scientific Staff - Committees Subunit:

    • Scientific Staff - Fellowships Subunit:

    • Library Subunit:

    • Archives Subunit:

  • Program Office Unit:

  • New Initiatives Office Unit:

  • Telescope Time Allocation Unit:

    • Time Allocation Committee Subunit:

    • Referees Subunit: This subunit currently includes correspondence and lists of referees. Material is dated 1967-1995. Size: 0.25 linear feet.

    • Observing Proposals Subunit: Observing proposals for all telescopes, including those no longer in operation, along with their related referee reports and correspondence, may be viewed only with specific permission from the Director's Office, and may not be reproduced.

    • Telescope Usage Subunit: This subunit includes correspondence, reports, and a CD of Lotus files related to usage of NRAO telescopes by both U.S. and foreign observers, and of usage of foreign telescopes by NRAO and other U.S. astronomers. One folder includes materials on Open Skies policy. Material is dated 1959- . Size: 0.5 linear feet.

  • Non-NRAO Professional Organizations and Committees Unit: This unit includes correspondence, meeting minutes, and reports related to activities of NRAO staff, either the Director or persons appointed by the Director, in non-NRAO professional organizations and committees.

    • Committee on Federal Laboratories Subunit: This subunit includes correspondence, memos, and meeting minutes for the Committee on Federal Laboratories of the Federal Council on Science and Technology for the period March 1969 through May 1973. Size: 0.5 linear feet.

    • Fachbeirat - Max-Planck-Institut: This subunit includes correspondence, notes, and reports gathered during David S. Heeschen's tenure on the Fachbeirat between December 1970 and April 1975. Size: 0.5 linear feet.

    • International Astronomical Union Subunit: This subunit includes general correspondence, notes, reports, and meeting minutes related to the International Astronomical Union (IAU), including particularly NRAO's organizational involvement and the involvement of the Director and/or other staff members. Also included are specific files on meetings and symposia, Commission 40, the U.S. National Committee, and the IAU Executive Committee. The period covered is October 1957 through June 1978. Size: 1.5 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

    • National Academy of Sciences Subunit: This subunit includes reports, memos, correspondence, meeting minutes, and publications related to the National Academy of Sciences, particularly NRAO's organizational relationships with Academy committees and panels. Included are materials from the Site Evaluation Committee, Ad Hoc Advisory Panel for Large Radio Astronomy Facilities, Radio Astronomy Panel, Astronomy Survey Committees, Committee on Radio Frequencies, Geophysics Research Board, Astronomy Survey Steering Committee, as well as other more temporary groups. The period currently covered is 1959 through 1990. Size: 1.5 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

    • National Academy of Sciences, Space Science Board Subunit: The Space Science Board (now renamed as the Space Studies Board) was established in 1958 to oversee interests and responsibilities in space research for the National Academies. It provides information and advice on all aspects of space science and space research, oversees advisory studies and program assessments, facilitates international research coordination, and promotes communications on space science and science policy between the research community, the federal government, and the interested public. The SSB also serves as the U.S. National Committee for the International Council for Science (ICSU) Committee on Space Research (COSPAR). John W. Findlay of NRAO was a member of the Space Science Board from 1961-1973. Materials in this subunit were collected by Findlay, and include correspondence, reports, notes, and meeting minutes. The period covered is 1959-1971. Size: 2.0 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

    • National Academy of Sciences, Space Science Board - Space Research Summer Study, 1965 Subunit: The charge of the Space Science Board's Space Research Summer Study, meeting in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, 21 June - 3 July 1965, was to review space research problems of importance for study in the decade, and to reassess the findings of the Summer Study of 1962. The Study group was to consider instrument development programs that might be required as well as the necessary supporting research. John W. Findlay of NRAO chaired the section on Radio and Radar Astronomy. This subunit includes correspondence, notes, general presentation preparation, schedules, papers of various Working Groups, and final reports. The period covered is December 1964 - July 1965. Size: 1.5 linear feet.

    • National Academy of Sciences, Space Science Board - Project West Ford Subunit: Project West Ford was a joint effort of the Department of Defense and NASA to place in orbit at a height of about 2,000 nautical miles a large number of dipole needles to use for communications; they were expected to remain in orbit for as little as 2 years and as many as 100 years. The Space Science Board appointed a committee, headed by John W. Findlay of NRAO, to monitor the project and its effects on radio astronomy. This unit includes correspondence, reports, newspaper clippings, notes, journal cuts, reprints, photos, and other materials from the committee, as well as materials from the IAU Committee on West Ford, and West Ford Observations. The period covered is December 1959 - October 1964. Size: 1.5 linear feet.

    • URSI (International Union of Radio Scientists) Subunit: This subunit includes correspondence, reports, memos, meeting minutes, membership lists, nomination letters, and other materials for the International Union of Radio Science, its U.S. National Committee, and Commission J (Radio Astronomy). David S. Heeschen and Kenneth I. Kellermann were among the NRAO staff members serving as delegates or commission chairs. The period covered is 1957-1977. Size: 0.5 linear feet.

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Green Bank WV Operations Series:

  • Green Bank Site Selection, Procurement, and Development Unit: This unit includes correspondence, meeting minutes, maps, notes, deeds, estimates, memos, charts, blueprints, specifications, reports, contracts, and lab results about the acquisition, planning, and development of the Green Bank, WV, site of The National Radio Astronomy Observatory from 1929 through 1989. Primary correspondents are A. C. Brown of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; Frank Callendar; Charles F. Dunbar of AUI; Richard M. Emberson of AUI; Edward B. Garvey of NSF; David S. Heeschen; R. N. Shepard of Irving Bowman and Associates; various staff of the U.S. Department of Labor; and former Green Bank land owners. Original folder titles and alphabetical order have been retained; folder contents are in chronological order. Size: 2.5 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

  • Green Bank Site Administration Unit: This unit includes correspondence, notes, memos, reports, newspaper clippings, journal cuts, and blueprints on administration of the Green Bank site that are not specifically related to site procurement and development or to the various individual telescopes. Materials are dated 1964-2000. Included are materials on schools, housing, medical services, and other topics, and on NRAO's proposal to locate a LIGO installation in Green Bank. Size: 1.5 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Two subunits include chronological correspondence files and materials on Green Bank's visitor center, including the Green Bank Science Center.

    • Green Bank Chronological Correspondence Subunit: This subunit includes a chronological file of correspondence originating in Green Bank for the period 1961-1993, with the bulk being from 1967 forward. Letters were filed by the site secretary after typing; correspondence is from the Green Bank site director, division heads, and from scientific, engineering, and other Green Bank staff members. Primary correspondents are Robert L. Brown, Michael M. Davis, John W. Findlay, J. Richard Fisher, Edward B. Fomalont, Martha P. Haynes, David E. Hogg, William G. Horne, William E. Howard, Kenneth I. Kellermann, Felix J. Lockman, Wallace R. Oref, Ivan Pauliny-Toth, Gilbert M. Peery, Theodore R. Riffe, Morton S. Roberts, George A. Seielstad, Sebastian von Hoerner. Topics covered include telescope design and construction (including the 36 foot and the VLA as well as telescopes in Green Bank); modifications to telescopes and electronics; safety; observational programs; early requests for observing time; community relations; observatory activities; staff involvement in URSI, IAU, CORF, and other professional organizations; planning for and development of the VLBA; and international collaborations (including extensive correspondence on early US-USSR VLBI experiments). Correspondence on personnel matters and containing confidential information was destroyed. Size: 6.5 linear feet. Related Materials: For additional materials on the US-USSR VLBI experiments, see the Very Long Baseline Interferometry Series below and the Papers of Kenneth I. Kellermann

    • Green Bank Visitor Center Subunit: This subunit includes correspondence, grant proposals, and other materials dated 1962-2001 on an NRAO visitor center for Green Bank, including the Green Bank Science Center. Correspondence includes discussion of potential interference caused by increased tourist vehicular traffic. Size: 0.5 linear feet.
  • 85 Foot Howard E. Tatel Telescope Unit: The Howard E. Tatel Telescope was dedicated on 16 October 1958, just one year after the official ground-breaking at Green Bank. First observations were made on 13 February 1959. This unit currently includes material from 1956 through 1966 related to the design and construction of the 85ft Howard E. Tatel Telescope: correspondence, notes, graphs, memos, specifications, meeting minutes, diagrams, blueprints, receipts, progress reports, equipment brochures, and the Blaw-Knox contract. Primary correspondents are F. J. Callendar, Fred Crews, Frank Drake, Richard M. Emberson of AUI, J. W. Findlay, D. S. Heeschen, Henry Jasik, Otto Struve, and the staff of Blaw-Knox. Folder titles have been retained. This unit also includes audio tape and audio DVD recordings of the 85 foot telescope dedication ceremony. Original guest book signatures for the dedication are in the guest book for the 17 October 1957 NRAO ground breaking and dedication in the Planning Documents Unit of the NRAO Founding and Organization Series. Size: 1.0 linear foot. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related materials: see photographs in the Photographs Series in this Finding Aid.

  • Calibration Horn Antenna Unit: Construction began on the Calibration Horn Antenna, also known as Little Big Horn, in summer of 1958, first observations were made in October 1959, and absolute flux measurements of Cassiopeia A began in March 1960. There is one calibration horn folder dated 1990 filed with the Green Bank Site Administration materials; otherwise see the 2.0 linear feet of Calibration Horn Antenna materials from 1959-1990 in the Papers of John Wilson Findlay, as well as photographs in the Photographs Series in this Finding Aid.

  • 140 foot Telescope Unit: This unit currently covers the period 1955-1999 and includes correspondence, notes, graphs, memos, specifications, meeting minutes, diagrams, drawings, sketches, blueprints, reports, equipment brochures, proposals, photographs, financial estimates, telegrams, observing schedules, and the E. W. Bliss contracts. Primary correspondents are N. L. Ashton, Consulting Engineer; Bendix Aviation Corporation; Thomas W. Brown, Lombard Governor Corporation; N. B. Cleveland, Stone and Webster Engineering Corporation; Fred Crews; Richard Emberson, AUI; Jacob Feld; John W. Findlay; The Franklin Institute; General Bronze Corporation; General Dynamics Corporation; General Electric Company; J. P. Gilgallon, E. W. Bliss Company; David S. Heeschen; R. N. Shepard, Irving Bowman and Associates; Silvey and Stallard of MIT; M. M. Small, AUI; and Otto Struve. Many original folder titles have been retained. Also included are materials for 1987-1996 related to the use of the 140 foot for SETI work. Two 1964 films on the 140 foot construction, made for NRAO/AUI by Peter B. Good, are included in the Moving Images Series below. Current size: 5.0 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related materials: see extensive discussions on the early design decisions, construction delays, and contract negotiations with E.W. Bliss in the NRAO Founding and Organization Series, as well as photographs in the Photographs Series.

  • Reber Telescope Unit: Grote Reber arrived in Green Bank in late 1958 and in 1959-1960 oversaw the reconstruction of his original Wheaton antenna. In 1990 the Reber antenna was declared a National Historic Landmark by the National Park Service. This unit includes materials related to the effort to obtain the Historic Landmark designation for the telescope, and covers the period 1958-1990. Size: 1 folder. Related materials: see the Wheaton Antenna Unit in the Papers of Grote Reber, which includes correspondence, notes, papers, and drawings for the original 1936-1938 construction in Wheaton IL, as well as Reber's Green Bank reconstruction drawings.

  • 40 Foot Telescope Unit: The 40ft telescope was built in late 1961, and successfully tested on 14 December 1961, providing NRAO with its first fully automated radio telescope in the world. Observations began in early 1962. This unit includes correspondence, telegrams, specifications, bids, blueprints, and photos for the period 1960 through 1963 related to the design and construction of the 40ft. Primary correspondents are Otto Struve, D. S. Heeschen, J. Fred Crews, the National Science Foundation, Antenna Systems, Inc., Blaw-Knox Company, Philco Corporation, Rohr Aircraft Corporation, and D. S. Kennedy and Company. Original folder titles have been retained. Size: 0.5 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related materials: see photograph in the Photographs Series in this Finding Aid.

  • 300 Foot Telescope Unit: Groundbreaking for the 300 foot telescope was on 27 April 1961, and first observations with the telescope occurred on 21 September 1962. This unit includes correspondence, notes, blueprints, cost estimates, memos, photos, telegrams, reports, observing schedules, contracts, newspaper clippings, meeting minutes, charts, diagrams, and graphs from 1959 through 1995. Primary correspondents are Frank J. Callendar, Fred Crews, Frank Drake, Charles F. Dunbar, Richard M. Emberson, John W. Findlay, David S. Heeschen, Radiation Systems, Incorporated, Theodore R. Riffe, Stainback and Scribner, Architects, Stanford Research Institute, and Otto Struve. Original folder titles have been retained. Folder order is alphabetical by title/topic, and folder contents are in reverse chronological order as originally filed. Preservation photocopies were made of approximately 1.5 linear feet of documents which had suffered water damage while in storage and before being transferred to the Archives; some of these documents are only partially legible. An 8-minute DVD about construction of the 300 foot, prepared in 1987 and narrated by John W. Findlay, is included in the Moving Images Series below. Materials on the 1987 symposium celebrating the 25th anniversary of the 300 foot are included in the Conference, Symposia, and Lectures Series. Size: 3.25 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related materials: see photographs in the Photographs Series in this Finding Aid.

    • 300 Foot Telescope Collapse Subunit: This subunit includes memos, correspondence, notes, photographs, interviews, reports, phone messages, viewgraphs copies, press releases, and journal articles regarding the collapse of the 300 foot telescope on November 15, 1988. Material is dated 1988-1994. Size: 1.25 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related materials: See photographs in the Photographs Series in this Finding Aid, as well as newspaper clippings and journal cuts shelved with the newspaper clippings file on range 3B.

  • Jansky Antenna Replica Unit: A replica of Karl Jansky's antenna at Bell Laboratories, used in Jansky's detection of radio waves from the center of the Milky Way which was announced in a front page article in the New York Times on 5 May 1933, was built at Bell Laboratories and installed at the entrance to the Green Bank site in 1964. This unit includes correspondence and notes for the period 1962-1977 on the reconstruction and maintenance of the antenna. Primary correspondents are A.C. Beck, John W. Findlay, W.W. Pleasants, Grote Reber, Sidney C. Smith, and Arthur Thompson. Also included are nineteen 1963 Bell Laboratories scale drawings for the antenna reconstruction and two NRAO drawings for the concrete work and of a site overview. Size: 1 folder plus 21 drawings. Related materials: see also correspondence in the Papers of Grote Reber, the Jansky Antenna Project Unit in the Papers of Kenneth I. Kellermann, the photograph in the Photographs Series in this Finding Aid, and Jansky Antenna photographs on another NRAO Web site.

    • Jansky Antenna Project Subunit: This subunit includes materials on the commemoration of the 50th anniversary of Karl Jansky's detection of radio waves from the center of the Milky Way by using the replica of Jansky's antenna at NRAO in Green Bank to operate on the amateur radio 15-meter band for 24 hours on 7-8 May 1983. Materials gathered by Kenneth I. Kellermann include Jansky Project memos, photocopies of articles relevant to Jansky's work (1930-1979), photocopies of articles by Jansky (1932-1935), correspondence, and A.C. Beck's memo to file on construction of the Jansky antenna replica. The Beck memo includes figures and photographs. The amateur radio event was held at the conclusion of a symposium, Serendipitous Discoveries in Radio Astronomy, honoring the anniversary of Jansky's discovery. Material is dated 1930-1983. Size: 0.5 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related materials: see also materials on the symposium in the Conferences, Symposia, and Lectures Unit in this Finding Aid.

  • Green Bank Interferometer Unit: Construction on 85-2, a second 85 foot telescope intended to work with the Tatel telescope as a two-element interferometer, was completed in February 1964, and the first observations with the two-element array were made in June 1964. With the completion in spring 1967 of 85-3, the three-element interferometer enabled aperture synthesis observations. This unit currently includes correspondence, notes, memos, contracts, progress reports, operation cost estimates, proposals, and reprints from 1963 through 2000 related to the interferometer, including the U.S. Naval Observatory taking over the operation of the interferometer for radio astrometry. Also included are interferometer observing requests from 1970-1977. Size: 4.0 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related materials: see photograph in the Photographs Series in this Finding Aid.

  • Largest Feasible Steerable Telescope Unit: Discussions in early 1962 on the possibility of a future antenna array, eventually built as the Very Large Array (VLA), led to construction of two additional 85 foot telescopes in Green Bank to form the Green Bank Interferometer, to general discussions and solicitation of design concepts on parametric/parabolic antennas, and to discussions on the design of large telescopes. The working group on the Largest Feasible Steerable Telescope (LFST), also referred to as the Largest Feasible Steerable Paraboloid (LFSP), first met on 2 April 1965. The LFST group's purpose was to conduct feasibility studies on various designs and sizes of parabolic dishes in hopes of building a large antenna for the US radio astronomy community, possibly at NRAO in Green Bank and possibly elsewhere. At various times the group considered 100m, 328ft, 400ft, 450ft, 500ft, 600ft, and 660ft dishes of various designs, as well as a fully steerable 300ft homology telescope to replace and/or augment the existing NRAO 300ft, and a 65m homology telescope for millimeter wavelengths. This unit includes correspondence, design proposals, technical notes, progress reports, drawings by the working group and outside contractors, dated 1957-1972. Folders are filed in chronological order by folder starting date. Current size: 9.5 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related materials: See also Dicke Committee materials filed with the VLA Design and Construction Unit below, and the 3.0 linear feet of LFST materials dated 1959-1973 in the Papers of John Wilson Findlay.

    • Sebastian von Hoerner Reports and Correspondence Subunit: This subunit includes notes, reports, and correspondence of Sebastian von Hoerner from 1961-1971 related to the LFST project. Size: 0.5 linear feet. Click here for an itemized listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

  • 42 Foot Telescope Unit: The 42 Foot Telescope was a portable antenna acquired in 1966 and deployed in 1967 for use as for use as a remote interferometer element with the Green Bank three-element interferometer. Its primary purpose and use was to test the tropospheric phase stability over baselines comparable to those that were planned for the Very Large Array (VLA). It was successfully used at two sites, with distances of 11 km and 35 km from the main interferometer site. It was decided that a better telescope was needed to pursue science at these baselines, and to further examine the limitations imposed by the atmosphere. Thus a 45 foot telescope was developed in 1973, improving on the 42 foot by having a better surface, enabling operation at high frequencies and supporting observations at two frequencies simultaneously, and by a better mount which enabled accurate pointing over a much greater part of the visible sky. In 1976, after it was no longer needed, the 42 foot telescope and its accessories were transferred to National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center. Note that in some memos, the 42 foot is referred to as the 13 meter. This unit contains correspondence, memos, and financial information from the period 1967-1976. Size: 0.5 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

  • Green Bank Telescope (GBT) Unit: The Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT) replaced the 300 foot telescope, which collapsed in 1988. Planning and design work for the GBT began within a few days of the 300 foot collapse, and the groundbreaking was held on 1 May 1991. The telescope saw "first light" on 22 August 2000, and was dedicated on 25 August 2000. The 110-meter by 100-meter dish has more than two acres of area for collecting faint radio waves from the Universe. Its wheel-and-track design allows the telescope to view the entire sky above 5 degrees elevation, and the track, 64 m (210 ft) in diameter, is level to within a few thousandths of an inch in order to provide precise pointing of the structure while bearing 7300 metric tons (16,000,000 pounds) of moving weight. Related materials: see photographs in the Photographs Series and a DVD of the GBT Dedication Ceremony in the Moving Images Series in this Finding Aid and the GBT Series in the Papers of David E. Hogg.

    • Green Bank Telescope (GBT) Planning and Design Subunit: This unit includes notes, correspondence, reports, memos, newspaper clippings, journal cuts, meeting agendas, meeting minutes, press releases, and blueprints from 1987 through 2001, relating to the planning for and design of the GBT. Primary correspondents are Laura P. Bautz, Eric Bloch, Robert C. Byrd, Barbara Mikulski, John D. Rockefeller IV, George Seielstad, and Paul Vanden Bout. Original folder titles have been retained. Most folder contents are in chronological order. Size: 1.0 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

    • Green Bank Telescope (GBT) Proposal and Contracts Subunit: This subunit includes notes, correspondence, reports, meeting agendas, meeting minutes, proposal reviews, memos, and contracts from 1987 through 2001. Primary correspondents are Larry D’Addario, James L. Desmond, William Porter, and Radiation Systems, Inc. Original folder titles have been retained. Size: 0.5 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

    • Green Bank Telescope (GBT) Construction Subunit: This subunit includes correspondence, reports, memos, meeting minutes, blueprints, and photos from 1986 through 1999 related to the construction of the GBT. Original folder titles have been retained. Most folder contents are in chronological order. Photos include 22 photo albums of 4x6 inch construction photos, 1991-1999. Size: 0.75 linear feet, plus 22 photo albums. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

    • Green Bank Telescope (GBT) Litigation Subunit: This unit includes correspondence, notes, newspaper clippings, memos, reports, meeting minutes, view graphs, invoices, and briefs from 1991 through February 2001 related to litigation regarding the dispute between NRAO/AUI and COMSAT/RSI over responsibility for additional GBT construction costs. Primary correspondents are Associated Universities, Inc., COMSAT, James L. Desmond, Robert D. Hall, David S. Heeschen, David E. Hogg, Jacob B. Pankowski, William H. Porter, Radiation Systems, Inc., George A. Seielstad, William R. Squires, the Summit Law Group, Richard E. Thomas, and Paul Vanden Bout. Drafts of a 2001 document on lessons learned in the contract and litigation process are included. Original folder titles have been retained. Most folder contents are in chronological order. Size: 2.0 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

    • Green Bank Telescope (GBT) Advisory Committee Subunit: This subunit includes correspondence, meetings agendas, meeting notes, viewgraph copies, reports, memos, blueprints, and photos for the GBT Advisory Committee for the period 1989 through 1998. Correspondence is between Paul Vanden Bout and the members of the GBT Advisory Committee. Original folder titles have been retained. Most folder contents are in chronological order. Size: 1.0 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

    • Green Bank Telescope (GBT) General Materials Subunit: This subunit contains general GBT-related materials, including correspondence, memos, viewgraph copies, reports, meeting minutes, budgets, instrumentation proposals, and other materials from 1988 through 2007. This subunit includes GBT Dedication materials. Original folder titles have been retained. Most folder contents are in chronological order. Size: 1.5 linear foot. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

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Charlottesville VA Operations Series:

  • Charlottesville Site Selection, Procurement, and Development Unit: This unit includes correspondence, notes, memos, journal cuts, graphs, summaries, site proposals, leases, reports, contracts, invoices, maps, and photos about the acquisition, planning, development, and administration of the Charlottesville, VA site of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory from 1963 through 2002. Primary correspondents are Charles F. Dunbar, David S. Heeschen, William E. Howard, J. Marymor, W. W. Pleasants, Theodore R. Riffe, Edgar F. Shannon, and John T. Wilson. Original folder titles have been retained and folder contents are in order as originally filed. Size: 1.5 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related materials: See the Organizational Charts and Memos Unit in the Director's Office Series above for materials on reorganization related to move from Green Bank to Charlottesville in the mid-1960s.

  • Edgemont Road Building Addition Unit: This unit includes correspondence, meeting minutes, invitation to bid, project specifications, photos, and other materials related to planning, design, and construction of the addition to the Edgemont Road building completed in spring 2005. Material is dated 1998-2005. Size: 2.0 linear feet plus 2 DVDs of photos.

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Tucson AZ Operations Series:

  • Tucson Site Administration Unit: This unit includes materials on administration of the Tucson site not specifically related to telescope site procurement and development or to the individual telescopes. Included are correspondence, notes, newspaper clippings, blueprints, leases, contracts, and invoices related to the Tucson, Arizona site of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory from 1965 through 1983. Primary correspondents are Harry R. Albers, Edward K. Conklin, W.A. Dinsmore, Richard Doane, John W. Findlay, Leo Goldberg, William G. Horne, N.U. Mayall, T.R. Riffe, and H.J. Thompson. Size: 1.0 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections.

  • 36 Foot Telescope Unit: Construction of the 36 foot telescope in Tucson AZ began in early 1965, most work was completed by late 1966, the telescope was turned over to NRAO by the manufacturer in May 1967, and the telescope began operation in January 1968. This unit includes correspondence, telegrams, letters of transmittal, proposals, contracts, specifications, blueprints, reports, memos, graphs, charts, diagrams, drawings, brochures, maps, photographs, notes, newspaper clippings, observing logs, and reprints from the period 1962 through 1981. Primary correspondents are Tom Collard, E. K. Conklin, John W. Findlay, Mark A. Gordon, David S. Heeschen, David E. Hogg, J. A. Hungerbuhler, Hein Hvatum, Frank J. Low, Theodore R. Riffe, the Rohr Corporation, and S. C. Smith. Original folder titles have been retained. Size: 6.0 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related materials: See also the materials on measuring the surface of the 36 foot telescope between 1973 and 1977 in the Papers of John Wilson Findlay, as well as photographs in the Photographs Series in this Finding Aid.

    • 36 Foot Observing Logs Subunit: Observing logs list in date/time order all the scans done in each observing program by each observer. This subunit includes 36 foot telescope observing logs for April 1972 - September 1979. According to Mark A. Gordon, Assistant Director for Tucson Operations, September 1973-June 1984, procedure for early observations with the 36 foot telescope was informal and fluid, and observing logs were either not kept formally or not saved. From August 1982 to mid-1984, the telescope was shut down for conversion from 36 foot to 12 meter, and no observing was done. Also, no observations were done during summer shut down for maintenance, generally mid-July through late August. Size: 2.0 linear feet.

  • 12 Meter Telescope Unit: Construction of the 36 foot telescope in Tucson AZ began in early 1965, most work was completed by late 1966, the telescope was turned over to NRAO by the manufacturer in May 1967, and the telescope began operation in January 1968. The first meeting of the Working Group to upgrade the 36 foot to a 12 meter telescope was held on 24 March 1981; the 36 foot ceased observing in summer 1982, and observing began with the refurbished 12 meter in January 1984. This unit includes materials on the upgrade and operation dated 1977-1995. Size: 0.5 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related materials: See also the materials on measuring the 12 meter telescope in the Papers of John Wilson Findlay, as well as photographs in the Photographs Series in this Finding Aid.

    • 12 Meter Observing Logs Subunit: Observing logs list in date/time order all the scans done in each observing program by each observer. This subunit includes 12 meter telescope observing logs for January 1987 - 25 July 2000. From August 1982 to mid-1984, the telescope was shut down for conversion from 36 foot to 12 meter, and no observing was done. Also, no observations were done during summer shut down for maintenance, generally mid-July through late August. Final observations were done on 25 July 2000, after which the telescope was decommissioned and turned over to the University of Arizona. Size: 5.0 linear feet.

  • 25 Meter Telescope Unit: In 1974 NRAO Director David S. Heeschen organized an ad hoc committee to investigate a replacement for the 36 foot telescope. The formal proposal for a 25-Meter Telescope for Millimeter Wavelengths was submitted to the National Science Foundation in July 1977, and in 1979 a subcommittee of the NSF Advisory Committee for Astronomical Sciences unanimously recommended its funding, with Mauna Kea being the site of choice. But after many delays and numerous funding discussions, the Astronomy Advisory Committee voted in April 1982 not to fund the 25 meter millimeter telescope. This unit includes correspondence, memos, reports, journal cuts, newspaper clippings, maps, charts, diagrams, brochures, photos, radome samples, and meeting minutes from 13 June 1966 through 5 June 1984. Primary correspondents are Morton S. Roberts, Hein Hvatum, Mark A. Gordon, Kenneth I. Kellermann, David S. Heeschen, John W. Findlay, and John T. Jefferies. Original folder titles have been retained. Current size: 4.0 linear feet. Click here for a folder listing, or use the NRAO Archives online catalog to search for specific items or across multiple series/collections. Related materials: See also the materials on the 25 meter telescope between 1974 and 1982 in the Papers of John Wilson Findlay.

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New Mexico Operations Series:

Modified on Wednesday, 20-Aug-2014 08:04:56 EDT by Ellen Bouton, Archivist (Questions or feedback)