[Doc Ewen looks into the horn antenna, 1950]
Image courtesy of Doc Ewen


Harvard Cyclotron: 1948-1951

Detection of HI Line: 1951

Harvard 24ft and 60ft and NRAO founding: 1952-1956

1950s and 1960s: Two Roads that Crossed

Microwave & Millimeter Wave Applications in the 1970s and 1980s

Mm Wave Radiometry in the 1990s

May 2001 visit to NRAO Green Bank



[Doc Ewen and horn antenna, 2001]
Image courtesy of Doc Ewen

Doc Ewen: The Horn, HI, and Other Events in US Radio Astronomy

by Doc Ewen, © 2003

Slide 14: Two Roads that Crossed in the Wood - Growth of US Radio Astronomy in the 1950s and 1960s

[Needham radio telescope, 1956]

The Needham radio telescope - Polaris sextant, 1956. Launching missiles requires accurate celestial navigation, 24/7, independent of weather conditions. Using radio stars as celestial sources assured all-weather capability. Radio star research was in its infancy. The precise location of the stars was essential to their use for navigation. Developing a reliable "radio sextant" was an equally important requirement. Initially, the Polaris was based on the launch of Jupiter missiles from light cruisers. For this configuration, the radio sextant would be an el/az mounted 28 foot antenna on a gyro-stabilized platform. The prototype was assembled in Needham, MA, and was the first use of an air-supported radome. The initial priority was the development of a radio star catalog. That was a classified effort that enjoyed a unique opportunity to compare radio star positions measured at Needham with those measured in England and Australia. The launch of Sputnik caused the transfer of the instrument from the Navy to NASA in 1958. Credit: Photo courtesy of Doc Ewen.

Slide 15
Modified on Monday, 27-Dec-2004 12:04:05 EST by Ellen Bouton