# 1060-H28 Aluminum

1060-H28 aluminum is 1060 aluminum in the H28 temper. This is the strongest temper normally produced through the action of strain hardening followed by partial annealing. It is closely related to H18. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare 1060-H28 aluminum to: 1000-series alloys (top), all aluminum alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

68 *GPa* 9.9 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

1.1 *%*

Fatigue Strength

37 *MPa* 5.4 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Poisson's Ratio

0.33

Shear Modulus

26 *GPa* 3.7 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Shear Strength

71 *MPa* 10 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

130 *MPa* 18 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

95 *MPa* 14 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

400 *J/g*

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

170 *°C* 340 *°F*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

660 *°C* 1210 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

650 *°C* 1190 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

900 *J/kg-K* 0.22 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

230 *W/m-K* 140 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

24 *µm/m-K*

## Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

62 *% IACS*

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

210 *% IACS*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

9.5 *% relative*

Calomel Potential

-750 *mV*

Density

2.7 *g/cm ^{3}* 170

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

8.3 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

160 *MJ/kg* 67 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

1200 *L/kg* 140 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

1.3 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

66 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

50 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

13 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

21 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

96 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

5.6 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Al | 99.6 to 100 | |

Fe | 0 to 0.35 | |

Si | 0 to 0.25 | |

Zn | 0 to 0.050 | |

Cu | 0 to 0.050 | |

V | 0 to 0.050 | |

Mn | 0 to 0.030 | |

Ti | 0 to 0.030 | |

Mg | 0 to 0.030 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Further Reading

Handbook of Aluminum vol. 2: Alloy Production and Materials Manufacturing, George Totten and D. Scott MacKenzie (editors), 2003

ASTM B209: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate

Aluminum Standards and Data, Aluminum Association Inc., 2013

ASM Specialty Handbook: Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys, J. R. Davis (editor), 1993

EN 573-3: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Chemical composition and form of wrought products. Chemical composition and form of products