Atomic Gas in Arp 220

https://www.nrao.edu/archives/plugins/Dropbox/files/Arp220_hi.jpg

Description

Composite image of the nearest Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxy (ULIG), Arp 220. The image shows the optical starlight depicted in green, yellow, and orange, with the neutral atomic hydrogen gas depicted in blue. ULIGs emit more energy in the Infrared than at any other wavelength. This energy arises from a powerful dust-enshrouded starburst, believed to be triggered when two galaxies smash together. The dust is heated by the UV light emitted by the young, hot stars made in the starburst, and re-radiate this energy at infrared wavelengths. The peculiar optical morphology of this system supports the idea that Arp 220 is the result of two galaxies merging into one, and the neutral atomic gas in the outer regions indicates that the galaxies which merged were gas-rich spiral galaxies. There is actually not a hole in the atomic gas distribution; the central gas is absorbed against a bright central radio continum source (not shown) so it is not seen in emission.
VLA C+D array observations at 30" resolution. Optical image is a 900 sec R-band observation with the University of Hawai'i 88" telescope obtained in June 1995.

Creator

Legacy Astronomical Images

Rights

NRAO/AUI/NSF does not hold full copyright for this image. Contact the archivist for details.

Type

Legacy Astronomical Image

Object Name

Arp 220

Photo Credit

M. Yun & J. Hibbard

Investigators

M. S. Yun, J. E. Hibbard

Telescope

Very Large Array (VLA)
U. Hawaii 88

Observation Date

1994-12-00

Type of Observation

spectral line

Wavelength

21 cm

Frequency

1420.4 MHz

Species

HI

Center of Image

RA 15:34:57.210, Dec: 23:30:9.500 (J2000)

Field of View

0.100000 x 0.100000 degrees

Link to journal article

Notes

Contact the archivist for a high resolution tif of this image.

Series

Galaxies Series

Unit

Peculiar Unit

Citation

Legacy Astronomical Images, “Atomic Gas in Arp 220,” NRAO Archives, accessed October 16, 2021, https://www.nrao.edu/archives/items/show/33546.