HI Galactic Halo Cloud G27.0+6.3 (VLA image)

https://www.nrao.edu/archives/plugins/Dropbox/files/hi_galactic_halo_cloud_g27plus6_vla_hi.jpg

Description

Since 2002 hundreds of HI (neutral hydrogen) clouds have been discovered with the help of the new unique NRAO instrument -- 100 m Green Bank Telescope (GBT). These clouds are a completely new class of objects presenting a previously unknown phenomenon of the interstellar matter physics. Several brightest of them have been observed with another NRAO instrument, Very Large Array (VLA) which provides better angular resolution. This image shows one of such cloud's (G27.0+6.3) VLA HI column density map. It reveals that the cloud has a "dense core - diffuse envelope" structure. The assymetry of the envelope might also suggest a downward motion. It can be estimated that this cloud is about 7.5 kpc away from us and 850 pc above the Galactic plane. Its size is approximately 20 pc with core size of about 7 pc. This cloud contains 500 solar masses of hydrogen and the density of its core exceeds 20 atoms per cubic cm. The image is a false-color one with blue corresponding to the least and red -- to the most hydrogen density.
The image resolution (taken in VLA D-array) is 1 arcmin, exposure is a few hours. Cloud's peak column density is 3.5x10^+20 cm^-2 and the line's FWHM is 4.8 km/s, as measured from the VLA data. Distance estimated assuming the cloud resides at the tangent point.

Creator

Legacy Astronomical Images

Rights

NRAO/AUI/NSF does not hold full copyright for this image. Contact the archivist for details.

Type

Legacy Astronomical Image

Object Name

HI cloud G27.0+6.3

Photo Credit

Yurii Pidopryhora, NRAO & Ohio University

Investigators

H. Liszt, J. Lockman, M. Rupen, Y. Pidopryhora

Telescope

Very Large Array (VLA)

Observation Date

2004-07-10

Type of Observation

spectral line

Center of Image

RA 18:18:0.000, Dec: -2:15:0.000 (J2000)

Field of View

0.666667 x 0.500000 degrees

Notes

Contact the archivist for a high resolution tif of this image.

Series

Galactic Sources Series

Unit

Galactic Halo Unit

Citation

Legacy Astronomical Images, “HI Galactic Halo Cloud G27.0+6.3 (VLA image),” NRAO Archives, accessed December 3, 2021, https://www.nrao.edu/archives/items/show/33452.