Magnetic Field Lines in M51

https://www.nrao.edu/archives/plugins/Dropbox/files/M51-2panel_hi.jpg

Description

The total radio continuum emission from the "whirlpool" galaxy M51 (distance estimates range between 13 and 30 million light years) is strongest at the inner edges of the optical spiral arms, probably due to the compression of magnetic fields by density waves. The vectors give the orientations of the regular magnetic fields as derived from the polarized emission. The field lines follow nicely the optical spiral arms. Unexpectedly, strong polarized emission is observed also between the optical arms which indicates the action of a dynamo. This image was observed with the VLA in its most compact configuration at 6cm radio wavelength (broadband continuum). As the VLA cannot detect the diffuse, large-scale radio emission, data from the Effelsberg 100-m telescope in Germany at the same wavelength was added.
VLA in D-array. VLA observations made 1991 March 23 and 1991 April 1; Effelsberg observations made summer 1996. VLA resolution 15"; data from Effelsberg adds 2.5 minutes of arc.

Creator

Legacy Astronomical Images

Rights

NRAO/AUI/NSF does not hold full copyright for this image. Contact the archivist for details.

Type

Legacy Astronomical Image

Object Name

M51

Investigators

Rainer Beck (MPIfR Bonn, Germany), Cathy Horellou (Onsala Space)

Telescope

Very Large Array (VLA)
Effelsberg 100-m

Observation Date

1991-04-00

Type of Observation

continuum

Band

C

Wavelength

6 cm

Frequency

5.0 GHz

Center of Image

RA 13:29:52.370, Dec: 47:11:40.800 (J2000)

Field of View

0.166667 x 0.200000 degrees

Notes

Contact the archivist for a high resolution tif of this image.

Series

Galaxies Series

Unit

Spiral Unit

Citation

Legacy Astronomical Images, “Magnetic Field Lines in M51,” NRAO Archives, accessed December 3, 2021, https://www.nrao.edu/archives/items/show/33567.